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Selective Lactococcus Enumeration in Raw Milk

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A2008    4,379 Downloads   6,228 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The Lactococcus diversity in cow and goat raw milk was investigated. To do so, a protocol had to be established for the specific enumeration of lactococci. Eight agar media and one control medium were analysed to compare their proficiency in evaluating the Lactococcus population in raw milk: M17 Nal, Elliker, modified Elliker, PCA + milk, modified KCA, modified Chalmers, Turner, FSDA. The M17 medium was used as reference. Eighteen pure strains were tested on these media for their selectivity towards lactococci: six Lactococcus species or subspecies, three Leuconostoc, three Enterococcus, two Lactobacillus, one Streptococcus thermophilus, one Pseudomonas fluorescens, one Escherichia coli and one Staphylococcus aureus. All these bacteria were chosen for their regular presence in raw milk. The KCA medium proved to be the most selective towards lactococci, on condition that 1) we discriminated the colonies using the catalase test and 2) we subtracted the Enterococcus population counted on BEA. However, it was not possible to separate the Streptococcus from the Lactococcus colonies on KCA. The “Lactococcus-like” population including these two genera was estimated at a mean level of 3.18 log(cfu)/mL and 4.14 log(cfu)/mL in cow and goat raw milk respectively. This is consistent with the data already published.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Gemelas, V. Rigobello, M. Ly-Chatain and Y. Demarigny, "Selective Lactococcus Enumeration in Raw Milk," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 9B, 2013, pp. 49-58. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A2008.

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