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Williams-Beuren syndrome: Usual face, unusual heart

DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2013.31009    3,846 Downloads   5,959 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Williams-Beuren Syndrome (WB-S) occurs in approximately 1/7500 live births. It is characterized by typical facial features, congenital heart defects and mild mental retardation. Around 75% - 80% of all patients have some kind of cardiovascular disorder being supravalvular aortic stenosis and pulmonary artery stenosis the most frequent. This syndrome is due to a contiguous gene deletion (1- to 2-megabase deletion on the long arm of chromosome 7), including the entire elastin gene and 20 additional genes. We present a case of a two year old boy with WB-S and Tetralogy of Fallot, a very infrequent association. Diagnosis of WB-S could be made because of typical facial features. Characteristic WB-S deletion was present. Genetic study to rule out 22q11 deletion was also performed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Huarte, N. , García-Guereta, L. and Lapunzina, P. (2013) Williams-Beuren syndrome: Usual face, unusual heart. Open Journal of Genetics, 3, 79-81. doi: 10.4236/ojgen.2013.31009.

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