Share This Article:

The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:917KB) PP. 275-281
DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24040    6,197 Downloads   11,978 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We report here the application of a medicinally important plant Amaranthus spinosus for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Different concentrations of ethanolic leaf extract of the plant were reacted with aqueous solution of HAuCl4·4H2O under mild reaction conditions. Synthesis of AuNPs was confirmed from the UV-Vis study of surface plasmon resonance property of the colloidal solution. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed particles as spherical and triangular in shape. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the crystalline nature of AuNPs with average size of 10.74 nm as determined by Debye-Scherrer’s Equation. Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) analysis of leaf extract and lyophilized AuNPs showed the presence of various functional groups present in diverse phytochemicals. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) of purified AuNPs confirmed the formation of AuNPs and surface adsorption of biomolecules. We further investigated the toxicity of the synthesized AuNPs and found non toxic to the cancer cell lines and could be used for biomedical applications.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Das, N. Gogoi, P. Babu, P. Sharma, C. Mahanta and U. Bora, "The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties," Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 275-281. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24040.

References

[1] J. F. Hainfeld, D. N. Slatkin, T. M. Focella and H. M. Smilowitz, “Gold Nanoparticles: A New X-Ray Contrast Agent,” British Journal of Radiology, Vol. 79, No. 939, 2006, pp. 248-253. doi:10.1259/bjr/13169882
[2] C. Alric, J. Taleb, G. L. Duc, C. Mandon, C. Billotey, A. L. Meur-Herland, T. Brochard, F. Vocanson, M. Janier, P. Perriat, S. Roux and O. Tillement, “Gadolinium Chelate Coated Gold Nanoparticles as Contrast Agents for Both X-Ray Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, No. 18, 2008, pp. 5908-5915. doi:10.1021/ja078176p
[3] X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, W. Qian and M. A. El-Sayed, “Cancer Cell Imaging and Photothermal Therapy in the Near-Infrared Region by Using Gold Nanorods,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, No. 6, 2006. pp. 2115-2120.
[4] W. Cai, G. Ting, H. Hao and S. Jiangtao, “Applications of Gold Nanoparticles in Cancer Nanotechnology,” Journal of Nanotechnology, Science and Applications, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2008, pp. 17-32.
[5] S. Eustis and M. A. El-Sayed, “Why Gold Nanoparticles Are More Precious than Pretty Gold: Noble Metal Surface Plasmon Resonance and Its Enhancement of the Radiative and Nonradiative Properties of Nanocrystals of Different Shapes,” Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2006, pp. 209-217. doi:10.1039/b514191e
[6] K. B. Narayanan and N. Sakthivel, “Coriander Leaf Mediated Biosynthesis of Gold Nanoparticles,” Materials Letter, Vol. 62, No. 30, 2008, pp. 4588-4590. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2008.08.044
[7] S. L. Smitha. D. Philip and K. G. Gopchandran, “Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Cinnamomum zeylanicum Leaf Broth,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2009, pp. 735-739. doi:10.1016/j.saa.2009.08.007
[8] M. Agnihotri, S. Joshi, R. K. Ameeta, S. Zinjarde and S. Kulkarni, “Biosynthesis of Gold Nanoparticles by the Tropical Marine Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica NCIM 3589,” Materials Letter, Vol. 63, No. 15, 2009, pp. 1231-1234. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2009.02.042
[9] M. Gericke and A. Pinches, “Biological Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles,” Hy-drometallurgy, Vol. 83, No. 1-4, 2006, pp. 132-140.
[10] S. P. Chandran, M. Chaudhary, R. Pasricha and A. Ahmad, “Synthesis of Gold Nanotriangles and Silver Nanoparticles Using Aloevera Plant Extract,” Biotechnology Progress, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2006, pp. 577-583. doi:10.1021/bp0501423
[11] P. Mohanouria, N. K. Rana and S. K. Yadav, “Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles by Microorganisms and Their Applications,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2008, pp. 507-517.
[12] S. S. Shankar, A. Rai, A. Ahmad and M. Sastry, “Rapid Synthesis of Au, Ag, and Bimetallic Au Core-Ag Shell Nanoparticles Using Neem (Aza-dirachta indica) Leaf Broth,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 275, No. 2, 2004, pp. 496-502. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2004.03.003
[13] K. N. Satish, C. Nripen, S. Ravi, K. Kavita, R. K. Rajesh, T. Subramanian, M. Swapna, K. Raghuraman and V. K. Kattesh, “Green Nanotechnology from Tea: Phytochemicals in Tea as Building Blocks for Production of Biocompatible Gold Nanoparticles,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 19, No. 19, 2009, pp. 2912-2920. doi:10.1039/b822015h
[14] J. Y. Song, H. K. Jang and B. S. Kim, “Biological Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Magnolia kobus and Diopyros kaki Leaf Extracts,” Process Bio-chemistry, Vol. 44, No. 10, 2009, pp. 1133-1138. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2009.06.005
[15] J. Y. Song, E. Y. Kwon and B. S. Kim, “Biological Synthesis of Platinum Nano-particles Using Diopyros kaki Leaf Extract,” Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2010, pp. 159-164. doi:10.1007/s00449-009-0373-2
[16] K. R. Kirtikar and B. D. Basu, “Indian Medicinal Plants,” Vol. 9, 2nd Edition, Oriental Enterprises, Rajpur, 2001, pp. 2832-2836.
[17] H. Zeashan, G. Amresh, S. Singh and C. V. Rao, “Hepatoprotective and Anti-oxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus against CCl4 Induced Toxicity,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 125, No. 2, 2009, pp. 364-366. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2009.05.010
[18] E. S. Hema, M. Sivadasan and K. N. Anil, “Studies on Edible Species of Amaranthaceae and Araceae Used by Kuruma and Paniya Tribes in Wayanad District, Kerala, India,” Ethnobotany, Vol. 18, No. 1. 2006, pp. 122-126.
[19] B. Odhav, S. Beekrum, U. Akula and H. Baijnath, “Preliminary Assessment of Nutritional Value of Traditional Leafy Vegetables in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa,” Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2007, pp. 430-435. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2006.04.015
[20] G. Cao, E. Sofic and R. L. Prior, “Antioxidant Capacity of Tea and Common Vegetables,” Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 44, No. 11, 1996, pp. 3426- 3431. doi:10.1021/jf9602535
[21] M. I. Gil, F. Ferreres and F. A. Thomas-Barberan, “Effect of Postharvest Storage and Processing on the Antioxidant Constituents (Flavonoids and Vitamin C) of Fresh-Cut Spinach,” Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 47, No. 6, 1999, pp. 2213-2217. doi:10.1021/jf981200l
[22] J. A. Vinson, Y. Hap, X. Su and L. Zubik, “Phenol Antioxidant Quantity and Quality in Foods:? Vegetables,” Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 9, 1998, pp. 3630-3634. doi:10.1021/jf980295o
[23] K. Srinivasan, C. L. Kaul and P. Ramarao, “Partial Protective Effect of Rutin on Multiple Low Dose Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Mice,” Indian Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 37, No. 5, 2005, pp. 327-328. doi:10.4103/0253-7613.16859
[24] J. C. Ibewuike, A. O. Ogundaini, L. Bohlin and F. O. Ogungbamila, “Anti Inflammatory Activity of Selected Nigerian Medicinal Plants,” Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1997, pp. 10-14.
[25] R. P. Rastogi and B. N. Mehrotra, “Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants,” CDRI and NIS-CAIR, Lucknow, 1999.
[26] F. C. Stintzing, D. Kammerer, A. Schieber, A. Hilou, O. Nacoulma and R. Carle, “Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L.,” Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, Vol. 59, No. 1, 2004, pp. 1-8.
[27] A. Hilou, O. G. Nacoulma and T. R. Guiguemde, “In Vivo Antimalarial Activities of Extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhaavia erecta L. in Mice,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 103, No. 2, 2006, pp. 236-240.
[28] Y. Cai, M. Sun and H. Corke, “Antioxidant Activity of Betalains from Plants of the Amaranthaceae,” Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 51, No. 8, 2003, pp. 2288-2294. doi:10.1021/jf030045u

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.