Share This Article:

Network Connectivity Probability of Linear Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks on Two-Way Street

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:487KB) PP. 332-341
DOI: 10.4236/cn.2012.44038    5,079 Downloads   7,828 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we present an analytical model to determine the network connectivity probability of a linear vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) formed by communication equipped vehicles on a two-way street scenario. We consider the highway to be consisting of two lanes with vehicles moving in both directions on these lanes and focus on the probability of being able to convey messages from a source vehicle to a destination vehicle, which may be multiple hops away. Closed form analytical expression is obtained for the network connectivity probability in the presence of Nakagami fading channel. In our model, the transmission range of each vehicle is modeled as a random variable due to channel fading. The analytical results are validated by extensive simulations.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

P. C. Neelakantan and A. V. Babu, "Network Connectivity Probability of Linear Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks on Two-Way Street," Communications and Network, Vol. 4 No. 4, 2012, pp. 332-341. doi: 10.4236/cn.2012.44038.

References

[1] S. Yousefi, M. Mousavi and M. Fathy, “Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs): Challenges and Perspectives,” Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent Transportation System Telecommunication, Chengdu (China), June 2006, pp. 761-766.
[2] IEEE 802.11p Draft Amendment, “Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications,” Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE), July 2010.
[3] G. Karagiannis, O. Altintas, E. Ekici, G. Heijenk, B. Jarupan, K. Lin and T. Weil, “Vehicular Networking: A Survey and Tutorial on Requirements, Architectures, Challenges, Standards and Solutions,” IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2011, pp. 584-616. doi:10.1109/SURV.2011.061411.00019
[4] M. Artimy, W. Phillips and W. Robertson, “Connectivity with Static Transmission Range in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks,” Proceedings of the 3rd Annual IEEE Communication Networks and Services Research Conference, Nova Scotia, 16-18 May 2005, pp. 237-242. doi:10.1109/CNSR.2005.29
[5] S. Yousefi, E. Altman, R. El-Azouzi and M. Fathy, “Analytical Model for Connectivity in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 57, No. 6, 2008, pp. 3341-3356. doi:10.1109/TVT.2008.2002957
[6] S. Yousefi, E. Altman, R. El Azouzi and M. Fathy, “Improving Connectivity in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks: An Analytical Study,” Elsevier Computer Communications, Vol. 31, No. 9, 2008, pp. 1653-1659.
[7] J. Wu, “Connectivity of Mobile Linear Networks with Dynamic Node Population and Delay Constraint,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 27, No. 7, 2009, pp. 1218-1225. doi:10.1109/JSAC.2009.090917
[8] M. Khabazian and M. Ali, “A Performance Modeling of Connectivity in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2008, pp. 2440-2450. doi:10.1109/TVT.2007.912161
[9] G. Mohimani, F. Ashtiani, A. Javanmard and M. Hamdi, “Mobility Modeling, Spatial Traffic Distribution, and Probability of Connectivity for Sparse and Dense Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 58, No. 4, 2009, pp. 1998-2007. doi:10.1109/TVT.2008.2004266
[10] S. Panichpapiboon and W. Pattara-atikom, “Connectivity Requirements for Self-Organizing Traffic Information Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 57, No. 6, 2008, pp. 3333-3340. doi:10.1109/TVT.2008.929067
[11] Y. Zhuang, J. Pan and L. Cai, “A Probabilistic Model for Message Propagation in Two-Dimensional Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks,” Proceedings of the Seventh ACM International Workshop on Vehicular Internetworking, Chicago (USA), July 2010, pp. 31-40. doi:10.1145/1860058.1860064
[12] W. Viriyasitavat, O. Tonguz and F. Bai, “Network Connectivity of VANETs in Urban Areas,” Proceedings of the 6th Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks (SECON), Boston (USA), 22-26 June 2009, pp. 1-9.
[13] V. K. M. Ajeer, P. C. Neelakantan and A. V. Babu, “Network Connectivity of One-Dimensional Vehicular Ad Hoc Network,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications and Signal Processing (ICCSP), Calicut (India), 10-12 February 2011, pp. 241-245.
[14] A. V. Babu and V. K. M. Ajeer, “Analytical Model for Connectivity of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks in the Presence of Channel Randomness,” Wiley International Journal of Communication Systems, 2011. doi:10.1002/dac.1379
[15] P. C. Neelakantan and A. V. Babu, “Connectivity Analysis of One-Dimensional Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks in Fading Channels,” EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2012. doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-1
[16] J. Maurer, T. Fugen and W. Wiesbeck, “Narrow-Band Measurement and Analysis of the Inter-Vehicle Transmission Channelat 5.2 GHz,” IEEE 55th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), Alabama (USA), Vol. 3, May 2002, pp. 1274-1278.
[17] L. Cheng, B. Henty, D. Stancil, F. Bai and P. Mudalige, “Mobile Vehicle-to-Vehicle Narrow-Band Channel Measurement and Characterization of the 5.9 GHz Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) Frequency Band,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 25, No. 8, 2007, pp. 1501-1516. doi:10.1109/JSAC.2007.071002
[18] I. Sen and D. Matolak, “Vehicle-Vehicle Channel Models for the 5-GHz Band,” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2008, pp. 235-245. doi:10.1109/TITS.2008.922881
[19] J. Karedal, N. Czink, A. Paier, F. Tufvesson and A. Molisch, “Pathloss Modeling for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 60, No. 1, 2011, pp. 323-328.
[20] J. Kunisch and J. Pamp, “Wideband Car-to-Car Radio Channel Measurements and Model at 5.9 GHz,” IEEE 68th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), Calgary (Canada), September 2008, pp. 1-5.
[21] W. McShane and R. Roess, “Traffic Engineering,” Third Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2004.
[22] A. Goldsmith, “Wireless Communications,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005.
[23] I. Gradshtein, I. Ryzhik and A. Jeffrey, “Table of Integrals, Series, and Products,” Academic Press, USA, 2000.
[24] J. Cheng, C. Tellambura and N. Beaulieu, “Performance of Digital Linear Modulations on Weibull Slow-Fading Channels,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 52, No. 8, 2004, pp. 1265-1268. doi:10.1109/TCOMM.2004.833015

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.