Share This Article:

Holography, Charge, and Baryon Asymmetry

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:126KB) PP. 581-584
DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.37079    3,377 Downloads   5,220 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment


The reason for baryon asymmetry in our universe has been an open question for many years. This note shows that the holographic principle requires a charged preon model underlying the Standard Model of particle physics and, in consequence, requires baryon asymmetry. The baryon asymmetry predicted by a specific charged preon model in our closed inflationary Friedmann universe is consistent with observations.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

T. Mongan, "Holography, Charge, and Baryon Asymmetry," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3 No. 7, 2012, pp. 581-584. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.37079.


[1] M. Dine and A. Kusenko, “The Origin of the Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry,” Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 76, No. 1, 2004.
[2] R. Bousso, “The Holographic Principle,” Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 74, No. 3, 2002, pp. 825-874. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.74.825
[3] T. Padmanabhan, “A Physical Interpretation of Gravitational Field Equations,” arXiv:0911.1403.
[4] T. Padmanabhan, “A Dialogue on the Nature of Gravity,” arXiv:0910.0839.
[5] R. Easther and D. Lowe, “Holography, Cosmology and the Second Law of Thermodynamics,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 82, No. 25, 1999, pp. 4967-4970. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.4967
[6] D. Bak and S. Rey, “Cosmic Holography,” Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 17, No. 15, 2000, L83. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/17/15/101
[7] N. Kaloper and A. Linde, “Cosmology vs. Holography,” Physical Review, Vol. 60, No. 10, 1999, p. 103509. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.60.103509 T. Mongan, “A Simple Quantum Cosmology,” General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 33, No. 8, 2001, pp. 1415-1424. doi:10.1023/A:1012065826750
[8] D. Boyanovksy, H. de Vega and R. Holman, “Non- Equilibrium Phase Transitions in Condensed Matter and Cosmology: Spinodal Decomposition, Condensates and Defects,” Lectures at NATO Advanced Study Institute: Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions, [hep-ph/ 9903534].
[9] S. Dodelson, “Modern Cosmology,” Academic Press, San Diego, 2003.
[10] A. Siemiginowska, et al, “The 300 kpc Long X-Ray Jet in PKS 1127-145, z = 1.18 Quasar: Constraining X-Ray Emission Models,” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 657, No. 1, 2007, p. 145. doi:10.1086/510898
[11] J. Islam, “An Introduction to Mathematical Cosmology,” 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002.
[12] C. Bennet, et al, “First Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Preliminary Maps and Basic Results,” Astrophysical Journal, Suppl. 1, 2003, p. 175 [astro-ph/0302207].
[13] T. Mongan, “A Holographic Charged Preon Model,” arXiv:0801.3670.
[14] A. Adriani, et al., “Observation of an Anomalous Positron Abundance in the Cosmic Radiation,” Nature, Vol. 458, 2009, pp. 607-609. doi:10.1038/nature07942
[15] P. Serpico, “Possible Causes of a Rise with Energy of the Cosmic Ray Positron Fraction,” Physical Review, Vol. 79, No. 2, 2009, p. 021302. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.021302
[16] P. Jean, et al., “Early SPI/INTEGRAL Measurements of Galactic 511 keV Line Emission from Positron Annihilation,” Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 407, 2003, L55. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20031056

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.