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The Lithiasis of Choledoque: Epidemiological Aspects, Clinics and Therapeutiques in the Surgery Department “A” at the University Hospital Point G

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2019.108030    104 Downloads   212 Views

ABSTRACT

Considered as rare in Africa lithiasis of the main bile duct (MBD) is a potentially serious pathology, diagnosis is facilitated by imaging tests (ultra-sound, CT, MRI cholangiopancreatography). Its surgical management is improved by laparoscopy coupled with interventional endoscopy. However, laparotomy remains the only way in Mali. This was a 14-years retrospective and descriptive study (2010-2014). All patients with BPV lithiasis were included. We studied the field, antecedents, clinical, biological, radiological, therapeutic and outcome aspects. 40 cases of stones in the main bile duct were collected during the study period. The hospital frequency was 2.8 cases per year, the clinical signs dominated by the Charcot triad (pain, fever, jaundice) found in 40 cases (100%). The average age was 60 years, female represented 70% of cases. Ultrasonography was the most requested review in 40 cases (100%). The procedure performed was cholecystectomy associated with choledochotomy with calculation extraction in all patients (100% of cases). One case of biliary fistula and one case of wall abscess were observed. The mortality was 5% and the simple suited in 90% of the cases. The lithiasis of the main bile duct is an infrequent pathology in Mali and potentially serious. This diagnosis is assisted in our context by ultrasound and CT. Laparotomy remains the only route of entry in Mali.

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Sacko, O. , Diallo, S. , Soumaré, L. , Camara, M. , Koumaré, S. , Sissoko, M. , Keita, S. , Diarra, I. , Konaté, M. , Traoré, M. , Soumaré, G. , Dakouo, D. , Coulibaly, M. , Dicko, H. , Dianessi, Y. , Koita, A. and Sanogo, Z. (2019) The Lithiasis of Choledoque: Epidemiological Aspects, Clinics and Therapeutiques in the Surgery Department “A” at the University Hospital Point G. Surgical Science, 10, 281-286. doi: 10.4236/ss.2019.108030.

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