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Management of Hypertension (HTN) in a Cardiology Department in Bamako (Mali): Financial Aspects

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.96035    70 Downloads   138 Views

ABSTRACT

Background: Studies on financial aspects of High blood pressure management are rare and old without differentiating categories of expenses. On the other hand there is an evolution in health system with the introduction of a medical insurance. Objective: We performed this study to estimate costs related to insurance status. Methodology: The prospective study on patients aged 15 years and older extended from 01 May to 31 August 2016 and was carried out in the cardiology department of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré. Only newly detected or untreated hypertensive patients were included. Sociodemographic data, those on physical examination and financial management (transport, consultation, labor tests and purchase of drugs) were collected. Regarding costs, patients were directly asked about: how much did you spend for transport, consultation, labor tests and drugs? Data analysis was carried out by comparing patients with health insurance (Ins+) and those without it (Ins?). The recorded data were inserted in a MS Access database, preliminarily processed by MS Excel and imported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Results: Mean total cost of care was 57,018 FCFA [50,139 - 63,897] (around 92 USD). It was 50,072 [42,182 - 57,963] for the Ins? group against 79,670 [66,777 - 92,563] for the Ins+ group with a p value < 0.0001. Highest amounts for spending were for cardiovascular medication and labor tests with means of 19,255 FCFA (32 USD) and 18,813 FCFA (30 USD). Mean consultation fee was significantly higher for Ins+ patients: 4064 FCFA with IC (95%) [3210 - 4917] versus 3124 with IC (95%) [2774 - 3474] for Ins? patients and p = 0.018. For ECG, however, mean costs were higher for Ins? patients with 6460 [5944 - 6976] against 5115 [4871 - 5360] for Ins+ patients, p = 0.001. Conclusion: Health insurance has few subscribers compared to patients requiring medical care. It increases the global costs of care while facilitating access to care for those who benefit from it.

Cite this paper

Bâ, H. , Menta, I. , Sangaré, I. , Sidibé, N. , Camara, Y. , Coulibaly, S. , Camara, H. , Fofana, C. , Traoré, A. , Sogodogo, A. , Touré, M. , Maiga, K. , Thiam, D. , Daou, A. and Sanogo, K. (2019) Management of Hypertension (HTN) in a Cardiology Department in Bamako (Mali): Financial Aspects. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 9, 394-403. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.96035.

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