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Prevalence of Unsatisfactory Pap Smear and Associated Clinical History and Diagnosis in a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Ghana

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DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2019.126023    203 Downloads   353 Views

ABSTRACT

Background: A major limitation of cervical cytology is the unsuitability of proportion of smears submitted for analysis and for cytological assessment (unsatisfactory). This study examines the prevalence of unsatisfactory Pap smear, clinical history and diagnosis in the Department of Pathology, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Ghana. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 15,290 cases spanning 12 years (2005-2016) was carried out at the cytology unit of the Pathology Department of the KBTH. Out of the 15,290 Pap smear records retrieved, 2347 reports were excluded leaving 12,943 for the study. All unsatisfactory smear cases were analyzed and categorized using the Bethesda 2001 System. Results are presented using descriptive statistics. Results: The overall prevalence of unsatisfactory Pap smear was 402 (3.1%). Routine screening smear accounted for 115 (0.9%); reports without clinical history and diagnosis gave 21 (0.2%) and cases with clinical history and diagnosis were 287 (2.2%). The common cause of unsatisfactory Pap smear was scanty cellularity 222 (1.72%). Patient’s history accounted for the least cause of unsatisfactory Pap smear 2 (0.02%). Conclusion: Pap smear results reported as unsatisfactory could harbor cancer malignancy. Samples should be taken by well-trained persons.

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Antwi, M. and Appiah, S. (2019) Prevalence of Unsatisfactory Pap Smear and Associated Clinical History and Diagnosis in a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Ghana. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 12, 311-321. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2019.126023.

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