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Risk Assessment of Retrograde Intramedullary Nailing for Proximal Humeral Fracture

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DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2019.125020    132 Downloads   279 Views

ABSTRACT

In proximal humeral fracture except AO classification 11A1, fixations with a locking plate and nails are recommended. We performed mechanical tests to investigate whether retrograde intramedullary nailing has fixation stability comparable to those of anterograde intramedullary nailing and locking plate which achieve clinically favorable outcomes. In retrograde intramedullary nailing, a nail entry point is made in the diaphysis, for which reduction of stiffness of the humerus is of concern. Thus, we investigated the influence of a nail entry point made in the diaphysis on humeral strength. Retrograde intramedullary nailing had fixation stability against bending and a force loaded in the rotation direction comparable to those of anterograde intramedullary nail and locking plate. Displacement by the main external force loaded on the humerus, compressive load, was less than half in the bone fixed by retrograde intramedullary nailing compared with that in the bone fixed with a locking plate, showing favorable fixation stability. It was clarified that stiffness of the humerus against rotation and a load in the compression direction is not reduced by a nail entry point made by retrograde intramedullary nailing.

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Sakai, R. , Masataka, U. , Yoshida, K. and Ujihira, M. (2019) Risk Assessment of Retrograde Intramedullary Nailing for Proximal Humeral Fracture. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 12, 277-284. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2019.125020.

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