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Structural Analysis of Offshore Cofferdam Subjected to Wave Load and Suction Pressure

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DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2018.84040    786 Downloads   1,602 Views


This study presented a novel circular cofferdam for offshore bridges consisting of ring segments and investigated its structural behaviors using ANSYS Mechanical. Because the bottom segment of the cofferdam which has a double sleeve cross-section was installed by suction, contact behaviors of the cofferdam wall and the lid plate during installation are important for design and the behaviors were also analyzed. Prior to numerical investigation of the bottom segment and complete cofferdam after dewatering, a suction modeling for structural analysis was proposed and evaluate by seepage analysis. Hydrodynamic loads applied to the cofferdam were also evaluated using panel method based on the potential flow theory. Through numerical analyses, structural behaviors of the cofferdam during installation were then investigated. First, contact behaviors between the lid plate and the wall were analyzed using different contact conditions imposed on the interface. Sharp stress increases were shown while the stress jumps were limited to contact area. Next, structural behaviors were investigated by considering seepage pressure. Using an axisymmetric seepage model, the total water pressure considering seepage was estimated and applied to structural analysis. The analysis results showed that strong effects of seepage on the stress change in cofferdam occurred and the seepage effects are necessary to be considered in design of the cofferdam induced by suction.

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Kim, J., Jeong, Y.-J., Park, M.-S. and Song, S. (2018) Structural Analysis of Offshore Cofferdam Subjected to Wave Load and Suction Pressure. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 8, 555-569. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2018.84040.

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