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Removal of Metallic Impurities from Off-Grade Copper Concentrate in Alkaline Solution

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DOI: 10.4236/ijnm.2018.72002    319 Downloads   643 Views

ABSTRACT

The removal of metallic impurities from off-grade copper concentrate was investigated in alkaline solution with H2O2. The analysis results of XRD and SEM-EDS revealed the oxidative mechanisms of all sulfides. The influence of various parameters of alkaline leaching were investigated including concentrations of sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide, liquid to solid ratio, leaching time and temperature. The results showed that the removal rate of Mo, As and Zn were increased with increasing leaching time and H2O2 concentration, and that the removal rate of Mo, As and Zn were firstly increased and then slightly decreased with increasing liquid to solid ratio, temperature and NaOH concentration, respectively. More than 95% Mo, 94% As, and 94 % Zn are removed from the off-grade concentrate under the optimum conditions, while only 1.7% Cu is dissolved. These optimum conditions were sodium hydroxide 1.5 mol/L, hydrogen peroxide 1.0 mol/L, temperature 50°C, liquid to solid ratio 5/1 mL/g and leaching time 5 h.

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Liu, Z. , Sun, L. , Tang, L. , Hu, J. , Xiao, Y. , Chen, Y. and Yin, Z. (2018) Removal of Metallic Impurities from Off-Grade Copper Concentrate in Alkaline Solution. International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy, 7, 9-23. doi: 10.4236/ijnm.2018.72002.

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