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GNSS Multipath Reduction Using GPS and DGPS in the Real Case

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DOI: 10.4236/pos.2017.84004    777 Downloads   1,473 Views

ABSTRACT

In Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) like Global Positioning System (GPS) and future Galileo, space signal reception in urban environment seems to be one of most significant. The urban environment is characterized by the presence of an excessive number of obstacles that produce Multiple Path (MP) in positioning the receiver. Consequently, it is of primary importance to characterize and ameliorate the performances of GNSS receiver for this type of application. In this paper, a method to mitigate MP in GNSS applications was proposed. Its principle is based on the addition, to the geographic map of a city or a neighborhood, of a supplementary information that consists of the correction of error caused by the MPs. The latter one was carried out by the comparison of the measurements, realized by Differential GPS (DGPS) and GPS, between two different sites with the same form. The first one was characterized by the presence of the MPs and the second one was completely clear of any type of obstacle. As a consequence, the measurements comparison has allowed us to deduce the GNSS MPs errors. This information can subsequently be used to make the corrections of the errors caused by MPs and it can be generalized by a measurement company to any entire city in order to identify errors in any neighborhood.

Cite this paper

Titouni, S. , Rouabah, K. , Atia, S. , Flissi, M. and Khababa, O. (2017) GNSS Multipath Reduction Using GPS and DGPS in the Real Case. Positioning, 8, 47-56. doi: 10.4236/pos.2017.84004.

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