Share This Article:

Cosmic Initial Singularities in a Single Repeating Universe as Opposed to Their Behavior in a Multiverse

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:650KB) PP. 467-492
DOI: 10.4236/jhepgc.2017.33037    311 Downloads   584 Views
Author(s)

ABSTRACT

When the initial radius of the universe is set in four dimensions and if there is only ONE repeating universe, then the initial radii of the universe is R → 0 or gets very close to zero if we use the Einstein Equations modified by Stoica. The Einstein Equations are reset by Stoical in a formalism which removes in four dimensions, the big bang singularity pathology. So then the reason for Planck length no longer holds. This manuscript assumes a repeating single universe. We present entanglement entropy in the early universe with a shrinking scale factor, due to Muller and Lousto, and show that there are consequences due to initial entangled for a time dependent horizon radius in cosmology, with (flat space conditions) for conformal time. Even if the 3-dimensional spatial length goes to zero. Our new manuscript presentation sets as a starting point a cosmology with a non-zero Λ vacuum energy. The non-zero Λ vacuum energy, initial configuration of the universe permits us to keep in an information theory stand point (information theory), computational bits for our configuration of cosmological expansion. This assemblage of computational bits occurs in cosmological evolution even if in an initial four-dimensional cosmology, we have the initial radii of the universe R → 0. We also find that in the case of a multiverse, such considerations will not hold and that cosmic singularities have a more different characteristic in the multiverse setting than in the single universe repeated over and over again, i.e. using an argument borrowed and modified from Kauffman, the multiverse will not mandate “perfect” singularities. The existence of a multiverse may allow for non zero singularities in lieu with the Kauffman argument cited at the end of the document, plus the lower pre big bang temperatures which may allow for the survival of gravitons just before the onset of the cosmological expansion phase, if a multiverse exists embedding our present universe.

Cite this paper

Beckwith, A. (2017) Cosmic Initial Singularities in a Single Repeating Universe as Opposed to Their Behavior in a Multiverse. Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, 3, 467-492. doi: 10.4236/jhepgc.2017.33037.

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.