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Risk Factors for Mortality of Newborn at Kolwezi Hospital

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102849    905 Downloads   1,222 Views Citations


The WHO estimates that about 130 million children born each year worldwide, and about 4 million die during the neonatal period. Neonatal mortality remains until now a major public health problem in the world and is the socio-economic indicators of progress and health of a country by its frequency. This study aimed to identify risk factors of neonatal mortality through maternal and new-born characteristics susceptible to influence this last. We conducted a longitudinal study from January 1st to December 2014 based on data collected through a questionnaire developed for this purpose. This questionnaire was tested, standardized and administered in the maternity and neonatology service in the language spoken by the mother (Swahili or French). Results: Anemia and neonatal asphyxia were significantly associated with the occurrence of death with adjusted odds ratio of 34.570 respectively (CI: 5.633 to 212.149, 95%) and 7861 (CI: 2.017 to 30.644). The history of fetal deaths and HIV in mothers was also recognized as an explanatory factor for the occurrence of neonatal mortality. But it should be noted that the CPN followed and the history of genital bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy have made protective factors for developing neonatal mortality with their respective adjusted OR of 0.169 (CI: 0.037 to 0.775, 95%) and 0.066 (CI: 0.005 to 0.906). Conclusion: To address this problem, the management of various risk factors that may influence the occurrence of neonatal mortality should be taken into account.

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Michel, K. , Bertin, M. , Deddy, K. , Elie, K. , Jack, K. , Yvette, Y. , Pascal, K. , Charles, N. and Numbi, O. (2016) Risk Factors for Mortality of Newborn at Kolwezi Hospital. Open Access Library Journal, 3, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1102849.

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