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Plants Foraged by Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille in Southern Chad

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102831    880 Downloads   1,280 Views Citations


Melliferous plants of Chad are less known despite their diversity. The main objective of this study was to better assess the diversity of these plants. This work was carried out in the rainy of 2014 in the region of Guera. Direct observations of bees foraging during seasonal field trips were carried competed by interview of a total of 300 volunteers’ beekeepers using a semi-structured questionnaire. A total of 52 melliferous plants distributed into 16 botanical families were identified. The most represented family in term of number of species was Mimosaceae (37.25%) and the least was Tiliaceae (01.96%). The biological distribution of the beeplants species revealed that trees (54.90%) were the abundant type. The flower colour of melliferous plants was variable, with the white color (23.52%) being dominant. The spontaneous species (81.00%) were highly more frequent compared to the cultivated beeplants. Polliniferous plants (60.0%) were more represented as compared to nectariferous plants (40%).

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Nguemo, D. , Mapongmetsem, P. and Abdoulaye, M. (2016) Plants Foraged by Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille in Southern Chad. Open Access Library Journal, 3, 1-10. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1102831.

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