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The Impact on the Level of Anxiety and Pain of the Training before Operation Given to Adult Patients

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.26065    4,078 Downloads   7,815 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim oh this study was to detrmine the effects of different training programs implemented before inguinal hernia operation on the pre- and post-operation anxiety level of and pain level the patient. Material and method: This quasi experimental study was carried out with inguinal hernia patients 18 - 60 years who were hospitalized in the General Surgery Clinic of Hospital of Atatürk University and Süleyman Demirel Medical Centre in Erzurum for inguinal hernia operation. The study data were collected between November 2007-May 2008 from a total of 90 patients. 30 patients were in the control group, 30 were in the video (VCD) training group, and 30 were in the booklet training group. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire about the patients and the inventory of state anxiety fort he adult. In collecting data, patient introduction form and Spielberger’in State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used. In data assessment, T-test, Pearson correlation test, Mauchly’s variance analysis, Anova for repeated measures tests and Bonferroni Correction Analysisi were used. Results: In control, booklet and VCD groups, In group Situational Constant Anxiety score average was found significant in each three time periods (p < 0.001). When the pain situations of the patients after operation was considered, the distinction in Visual Analogue Scale and Verbal Rating Scala values of two groups in all measurement times was found significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: In the conclusion of the study, it was found out that the given education effective on level of pain and anxiety score for experimental groups of patients.

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N. Karabulut and F. Cetinkaya, "The Impact on the Level of Anxiety and Pain of the Training before Operation Given to Adult Patients," Surgical Science, Vol. 2 No. 6, 2011, pp. 303-311. doi: 10.4236/ss.2011.26065.

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