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Assessment of Irrigation Dynamics on Vegetable Production Safety in the Accra Metropolis

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101889    618 Downloads   907 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

This work assessed modes of irrigation on vegetable production in fifty (50) vegetable gardens from ten (10) sampled areas in the Accra Metropolis. Irrigation water sources include: pipe, segment, gutter, dug-well, dam, river, and drains. Demographic survey, nature of the surrounding of the water bodies, physico-chemical and microbiological analysis of irrigation waters were carried out and contrasted with standard values. The analysis of the parameters of various water samples was within the accepted standard values, except the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) value for the irrigation water from Opeibea (3020) and Kasoa (340), which were relatively high compared to standard value of 250. The faecal coliform counts for irrigation water at Abossey-Okai are also high (1150/100 ml) compared to the standard values of 1000/100 ml irrigation water. The vegetable farming was found to be a male dominated activity (86%), mostly practised by 21 - 30 year age group (69%). However the education levels of farmers are low; 70% either do not have formal education or only up to primary education levels. A greater percentage (68%) of the water used for irrigation was waste water, mostly from gutters and segments. Proper management practices of effluent are recommended for vegetable production.

Cite this paper

Achio, S. , Kutsanedzie, F. and Ameko, E. (2015) Assessment of Irrigation Dynamics on Vegetable Production Safety in the Accra Metropolis. Open Access Library Journal, 2, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1101889.

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