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Primary Extra-Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) arising from mesentery of small bowel and presenting as abdominal mass: A rare entity

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DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2013.35045    4,222 Downloads   7,005 Views Citations

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Majority of mesenchymal tumors of gastrointestinal tract are Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST). It is, however, a rare tumor, accounting for less than 1% of primary gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms. Though, these tumors are refractory to conventional chemotherapy or radiotherapy but show a good response to targeted adjuvant chemotherapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors following surgical resection. Case Report: we report here a case of primary Extra-GIST tumor arising from mesentry of small bowel near duodeno-jejunal junction in a 69 years old male patient. The patient presented with a palpable mass in upper abdomen for past 15 days. On examination, a non-tender mobile lump of size around 17 × 10 cm, with bosselated surface and firm in consistency was palpable involving epigastric, left hypochondrium and umbilical region. Contrast enhanced computed tomography of abdomen revealed a heterogenous mesentric mass. On surgical intervention a mass was found involving mesentery near dudenojejunal junction without involvement of gastrointestinal tract. Complete surgical resection of the tumor was done and adjuvant chemotherapy with Imatinib mesylate was started as HPE revealing GIST with mitotic index of >10/50 HPF and 17 × 10 cm size placed the patient in high risk category. Patient was discharged on 12th of post-operative day with advice of regular follow-up. Conclusion: GIST occurrence is not restricted to bowel but can involve unusual sites also. The mainstay of treatment remains surgical resection with adequate margin. In cases where tumour has malignant potential (high mitotic figures on histopathology) adjuvent treatment with tyrosine kinase may prevent or delay relapse.

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Tiwari, A. , Choudhary, A. , Khowal, H. , Chaudhary, P. and Arora, M. (2013) Primary Extra-Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) arising from mesentery of small bowel and presenting as abdominal mass: A rare entity. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 3, 267-271. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2013.35045.

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